Miliband must involve Chagossians in Chagos marine protection
The Foreign Secretary David Miliband has today announced the creation of a marine protected area (MPA) in the Chagos islands. The full text of his statement is available below.
Whilst committing the Government to the establishment of an MPA, Mr Milibandâ€™s (no doubt carefully worded) statement frustratingly leaves open several key questions that the UK Chagos Support Association will be working to find answers to over the coming days and weeks.
In particular, the statement does not make clear whether the â€œno-takeâ€ marine reserve â€“ the area within which any and all commercial fishing is comprehensively banned, which supporters of the Chagossiansâ€™ right of return believe would severely jeopardise their chances of resettling the islands â€“ will stretch to include the entirety of the British Indian Ocean Territory, or whether â€˜zonesâ€™ could be established within which limited, sustainable fishing could take place.
Secondly, the statement is careful to point out that the Government will â€œcontinue to work closely with all interested stakeholdersâ€ when implementing the MPA. Leaving aside the questionable usage of the word â€˜continue,â€™ this does clearly leave open the possibility that the Chagossians â€“ the indigenous people of the archipelago – could be involved in the planning, creation, and management of the eventual MPA; after all, even the FCO recognised the islanders as â€œstakeholdersâ€ during its consultation process.
Of course, it speaks volumes that the Chagossians are not mentioned once in the Foreign Secretary’s statement.Â This is a disgusting attempt to ignore the Chagossians’ campaign for justice that should be completely and comprehensively condemned.
The aboveÂ questions notwithstanding, it is nevertheless bitterly disappointing that the Government has felt it appropriate to make its announcement now, whilst Parliament is on recess, in flagrant contradiction of assurances given by FCO Minister Ivan Lewis earlier this month that MPs would be kept informed about developments.
Similarly, it is of serious concern that this decision has been arrived at so quickly, just weeks after the conclusion of the consultation, and after the FCOâ€™s own Facilitator is on record as stating that a response would take at least three months to produce (click here to download the audio recording of a meeting on 4 March between the Facilitator and the Chagos Refugees Group).
The tone of Mr Milibandâ€™s statement can also be observed to closely mirror those made before the consultation took place, which raises questions as to how muchÂ importance wasÂ genuinelyÂ attachedÂ to the outcome of the consultation: have the alternatives put forward by supporters of the Chagossians really been considered? And if so, why were they rejected?
So far, little has been offered in the way of explanation.
David Miliband’s statement is undoubtedly an affront to the Chagossians and to all of those who believe in the Chagossians’ right of return.Â However, it will not spell the end of the campaign for justice.
NEW PROTECTION FOR THE MARINE LIFE OF THE BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY
Foreign Secretary David Miliband today announced the creation of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in the British Indian Ocean Territory. This will include a â€œno-takeâ€ marine reserve where commercial fishing will be banned.
The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) consists of 55 tiny islands which sit in a quarter of a million square miles of the worldâ€™s cleanest seas.
Announcing the creation of this MPA, David Miliband said:
I am today instructing the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory to declare a Marine Protected Area.Â The MPA will cover some quarter of a million square miles and its establishment will double the global coverage of the world’s oceans under protection. Its creation is a major step forward for protecting the oceans, not just around BIOT itself, but also throughout the world. This measure is a further demonstration of how the UK takes its international environmental responsibilities seriously.
The territory offers great scope for research in all fields of oceanography, biodiversity and many aspects of climate change, which are core research issues for UK science.
I have taken the decision to create this marine reserve following a full consultation, and careful consideration of the many issues and interests involved. The response to the consultation was impressive both in terms of quality and quantity. We intend to continue to work closely with all interested stakeholders, both in the UK and internationally, in implementing the MPA.
I would like to emphasise that the creation of the MPA will not change the UK’s commitment to cede the Territory to Mauritius when it is no longer needed for defence purposes and it is, of course, without prejudice to the outcome of the current, pending proceedings before the European Court of Human Rights.